Legends of Puebla
As in every region, every culture, every civilization, legends are woven throughout the development and growth of the city, stories that are word of mouth, generation after generation, stories that are not truth required, but are believed by those who talk and those who listen. Here are some of the most famous legends from the time of the cologne in Puebla.

The one who killed the animal
Puebla Founding, City of Angels
The Bell Santa María
The China Poblana
The Alley of the Dead
The Tunnels of Puebla
The legend of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl
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The one who killed the animal

The house of the one who killed the animal is located at Nº 201, 3 Poniente Street, corner of 2 South Street, just in the heart of the city of Puebla, behind the Cathedral. In the early twentieth century it was the Hotel Italy, and about 1940 it was sold to Colonel Jose Garcia Valseca and it is currently occupied by Organizacion Editorial Mexicana, which publishes the newspaper El Sol de Puebla.

The Legend is about something that happened during colonial times, a being in the form of a monster snake that used to come down from the forests of Malinche Volcano, continually threatening the villagers. One day, on the site of the house of Don Pedro Carvajal, prosperous man and widower who had two children, one of 6 years old and a beautiful young lady named Mary, appeared the monster that devours the boy. The news raced through the city with the promise of Don Pedro to give part of his fortune to those who kill the animal that took his son, so well revenging his death. When nobody expected, it came to the place an armed horseman who brought as sign of his promise a poster that read: "With under the Virgin, I will kill the monster". This used to be a young soldier named Juan Luis, who sought the daughter of Don Pedro, who had already been denied their hand.

He Left towards east, where the monster was known to came over to get to the plaza, and at that moment the snake peeked his head. After an uneven struggle, he killed the monster cutting its head, thus fulfilling his promise. The Authority representatives rewarded the winner giving him a title of nobility, and Don Pedro gave his daughter's hand and the house as a reward. Today we can see the entrance to the house, an engraving of the stone age, the soldier fighting the animal.

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Puebla Founding, City of Angels

Legend has it that Fray Julian Garces, Archbishop of the Diocese of Tlaxcala, dreamed one day on the eve of San Miguel, on September 28th 1530, about a field full of flowers and springs, beautiful place where it could inhabit the same angels, who in his dream, showed the location. He commented on several occasions with his fellow Franciscans, the dreams and arises from the idea to locate this place.

One of the main promoters is Fray Toribio de Benavente, a native of San Miguel, Extremadura, Spain, who thought it was a sign from heaven to establish a city for Spanish workers.

The father of the order, Fray Francisco de los Angeles Quiñones and the founder of the order, Fray Francisco de Asis, established in the thirteenth century the Franciscan Order, and were devotees of San Miguel and of the angels, This is referred in the solemn Mass of the founding of the city, on April 16th, 1531. Even when they decide to change the city to the other side of the river, it is chosen for the second foundation, the date September 29th, this is the day of San Miguel Archangel, in order to be present. Since then, it is created a series of legends, where the angels are present.

The city coat of arms was granted by King Carlos V of Spain, in 1538, and he wanted that his initial letters, "K and V," since the Austran origin of the King, his name "Karl V" starts with this letter . Also requests that the sign with a red background and gold letters to Psalm 91 verse 11 which says: "God sent his angels to hold you in all your ways."

See the History of Puebla City Foundation

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The Bell Santa María

It is known that the Puebla Cathedral was consecrated on April 18th, 1649 by Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, but the towers were made much later. In 1678, the north tower started to be built, and when completed, the bells placed in it. One of them was from the old cathedral, and some other, new ones, were made for this occasion. It was decided to manufacture a great bell, which did not work, and for this reason, it had to be destroyed. When it was made again, was a piece of nearly nine tons. Extremely heavy for the resources that were available then, so it was too difficult to position in the bell tower located at 73 meters high. Several days they could not even raise.

According to the Legend, one of those nights, when the city was asleep, the Angels came down from the sky, took and lifted the bell and placed it in its proper place.

That night, the guard of the building fell asleep until the next morning,  he awoke to hear that the workers arrive in the morning and commented that they could not find the bell. To his surprise, during the search, they could see it at least placed in the tower. Then, the guard recalled that in his dreams he saw two angels descended from heaven, took the bell and rose up in place in the tower. This bell was given the name of Maria (Mary), because with it is called Virgin Mary, playing the "Angelus" at 12:00 and 6:00 pm every day.

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The China Poblana

According to this Legend, during colonial times in Mexico, the viceroy of New Spain, Marques de Galvez, made to be brought from Philippines a young slave to his personal service. The name of this girl was Mirra, she was a daughter of a Mughal king, who had to leave his town and seek refuge, but soon after Mirra was kidnapped in India by Portuguese pirates and slave traders, and carried her to Cochin, a city located at the south of this country . In this place she could escape from their captors and took refuge in a Jesuit mission, where she was host and named Catarina de San Juan. Unfortunately for Mirra, some years later, the pirates found her and abducted her again, bringing with them to Manila, where she was sold to the merchant who took her to the New Spain. However, on landing in the port of Acapulco, this merchant found a highest bidder, who offered him ten times the price offered by the Viceroy. Others use to say that he completed a previous order. It was the poblano Miguel Sosa, who took her to Puebla for his service.

The marriage of Miguel Sosa had no children and adopted Catarina as his daughter, but she did not lose her status as slave. By then, people used to call the female servitude "chinas" so that's how people started to use to call her. However, she learned to speak the Spanish language, she learned to cook, but never learned to read or write. Dressed in the style she used in his homeland, it was the origin of the legend, the dress of "The China Poblana".

A few years after her arrival, Miguel Sosa died and left directions in his will to release Catarina, but not inherited, so that, she was greeted by the cleric Pedro Suarez. It is said that soon after she began to have visions of the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus. She said that use to play "hide and seek" game with the baby Jesus and that she could see the angels. It was initially believed that she was losing his sanity, but with time, people began to respect her and to be worshiped. She began to be seen as a prophetess by many people, including the bishop and sacristans of the church "La Compañia de Jesus".

On January 5th, 1688, she died at the age of 82 years. Many people attended his wake. She was buried in the sacristy of the Compañia de Jesus, where his remains are still preserved.

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The Alley of the Dead.

It was the year 1785 in the colonial city of Puebla de los Angeles. Doña Juliana Dominguez, Don Anastasio Priego’s wife, both owners of the "Mesón del Priego," began with the birth pangs and they needed to get the midwife Doña Simonita, to assist the arrival of the new family member.

It was a rainy night, Don Anastasio without thinking, picked up his coat and hat, gave orders to prepare the necessary easement for the birth, and left alone, despite the offer of his assistants to accompany him, knowing that the morning was conducive for robbery, and thus went towards the neighborhood of Analco.

He walked down the dark streets with an oil lamp, when suddenly, in an alley in front of him appeared a man who immediately drawn his sword and put it against his chest, and demanded gold, otherwise he would take his life. Don Anastasio, skilful swordsman responded immediately, and gave a leap and at the same time, before the man realized, had already sunk his sword into his chest and fell dead immediately.

On the rush, Don Anastasio ran to Doña Simonita’s house and in few minutes they went towards the mansion to assist Doña Juliana, taking another route to avoid passing by where he had the altercation.

Shortly thereafter, they received two beautiful twins. After the birth, Don Anastasio brought back home to the midwife and, passing by the alley where he was attempted to be assaulted, they saw a group of onlookers surrounding the body praying for the soul of that unfortunate man.

From that day on, people started to call the former Passage of Yllescas, located at 12 South Street, between the streets of 3 and 5 East, "El Callejon del Muerto (The Alley of the Dead)" raised by the event there, and because anyone passing there on night late, could see the deceased assailant; That is why, a neighbor requested a mass in which it was asked for the repose of that soul.

Some time later, in the Parish of Analco, father Panchito, affectionately named like this by the community, withdrew with the sexton, who was closing when he was approached by a man who asked him to make a confession, because he had a big shame that did not let him in peace, therefore the priest asked the sexton not to close as yet, because would go with this man to the confessional. However, After a long time the Priest and the man did not get out, therefore the sexton became concerned for not finding them both.  He closed the church and at the next day at 7 am, at the time of the first Mass, the priest did not attend as usual. Concerned, the sexton went to the house of father Panchito and found him very sick, he was very confused and upset because "he had confessed to a dead man," and as soon he acquitted him, saw him disappear.

At the next day, father Panchito ceased to exist due to the impact of having spoken with someone who was not of this world. It is said that the soul of this man stopped suffering because of the acquittal sentence and since then, it was not seen again that silhouette in the alley, that despite the time people continued calling it "The Alley of the Dead."

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The Legend of Puebla Tunnels

It is said many about them, but it is unclear if they ever existed. Some people say that they were built by the French during the invasion to Mexico, between 1862 and 1867, but others argue that they already existed before their arrival.

According to stories, the tunnels are connected to each other from the cathedral towards strategic points such as the Convent of Carmen, and a second tunnel to the Hill of San Juan, passing by the monastery of St. Augustine, came to the Church of Heaven, a third one into the convent of San Antonio and the Convent of Our Lady of La Merced, gettin to the Loreto Hill. Another one that came out from the old convent of San Francisco passing the House of Dolls and arriving at the College of the Holy Spirit, and the house which belonged to the one who killed the animal.

The truth is that currently there is no exit for them, they are identified but have no access. They were hidden due to the generation of pests like rats and odors coming from inside, and ultimately perceived in the buildings and streets.

It would be interesting if they really exist, people could have access to them as in some European cities, making this part of the history of this city that is not well known, a tourist attraction that brings the mystery of what is not recorded in the books, and that has been known as a story told from generation to generation.

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The legend of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl

This legend tells of an incident in the time that the Aztecs inhabited the valley of Mexico, dominated and subjugated neighboring towns, which maintained the oppressed and pay heavy taxes. This is the reason that started the war between the Aztecs and the Tlaxcala, since the latter decided to get rid of that tired oppression. It is a colonial legend, nor the city of Puebla, has actually happened in the well before the arrival of Spanish conquerors, but has been told for generations in the entire region of Mexico, Puebla and Tlaxcala. For that reason it deserves to be told.

It turns out that the daughter of tlaxcalan Chief ,amed Iztaccíhuatld, was in love with one of the young warriors of his father. So great was her love, and with the obligation to go to war, the young man asked for the hand of the princess before leaving, so that in the event of return victorious, would immediately marry her. The chief agreed and gave the hand of his daughter when she returned to Popocatepetl, which was the name of this brave young man, and held the wedding.

Thus, Popocatepetl went to war with men and arms to fight for the freedom of his people against the Aztecs.

It turns out that after a certain time, another girl, who was in love with the princess Iztaccihuatl, and returned to the village before the war ended, he falsely informed the chief that Popocatepetl had died in battle. The princess heard this conversation, and thereafter, wept bitterly over the death of his beloved, until a short time, died of sadness that he could not overcome
After the war, as promised, Popocatépetl returned victorious only to learn of the recent death of his beloved. They had no sense of the chief pledges, because the main reason for their fight was gone.

He decided to honor their loved making a very particular tomb: twenty thousand men built a large hill facing the sun, to remain in the memory of subsequent generations, where he carried the lifeless body to place it on top. He kissed her with a torch in his hand, knelt beside her, watching her eternal sleep. Snow blanketed their bodies and thus, over time, became the volcanoes that we can now appreciate from the city of Puebla.

So stay forever in love, and occasionally, Popocatepetl, remembering the love of Iztaccihuatl, shakes the earth and torch revives the fire in his heart, which springs from sorrow and smoke visible from far away.

From then until shortly before the Spanish arrived, the hapless maidens love dead were buried in the Iztaccihuatl volcano.

Incidentally, this man who decided to report to cowardice Popocatepetl as fallen in battle, could not bear the guilty conscience for having unleashed such a terrible tragedy, and made his way out of town to die alone and disoriented. His body was also covered by snow, making the time to remain ever watchful volcano who wished to separate, becoming the volcano Pico de Orizaba, which means "Star Mountain" and is now known as the Pico de Orizaba.

The valley of Puebla is located precisely between these three volcanoes.

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House of the One who killed the animal
House of the One who killed the animal
Tower of Puebla Cathedral
China Poblana Panit
In the pictures, the building of the newspaper "El Sol de Puebla," the old house that the one who killed the animal. At the entrance, a number of engravings depicting the legend.
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Puebla City Coat of Arms
"God sent his angels to hold you in all your ways."
Puebla City Cathedral
Saint Francisco Church
The House of the One Who Killed the Animal
Yllescas Alley
Yllescas Alley in 12 South Street, Puebla City
Yllescas Alley
Yllescas Alley
Different aspects of how Yllescas Alley looks now , located at 12 Sur between Calle 3 and 5 East.
China Poblana Fountain
El Popocatépetl y el Ixtaccíhuatl
Pintura que representa a Popocatépetl e Ixtaccíhuatl
Known painting of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl, when carried to the top. In the background is seen the Aztec Calendar
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